Following are the important characteristics of a computer:
Computers work at a very high speed and are much faster than humans. A second is very large time period time for computer. A computer can perform billions of calculations in a second. The time used by a computer to perform an operation is called the processing speed. Computer speed is measured in MegaHertz (MHz).
A computer can store large amounts of data permanently. Users can use this data al any time. We can store any type of data in a computer. Text, graphics, pictures, audio and video files can be stored easily. The storage capacity of the computer is increasing rapidly.
A computer can process the given instructions: It can perform different types of processing like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. It can also perform logical functions like comparing two numbers to decide which one is the bigger etc.
Accuracy means to provide results without any errors. The computer can process large amounts of data and generate error-free results. A modern computer performs millions o!. operations in one second without any error.
A computer can recall the stored data and information is and when required. The data stored in the computer can be used at a later time. The computer can recall the required data in a few seconds.
6. Control Sequence
A computer works strictly according to the given instructions. It follows the same sequence of execution that is given in a program.
Computer works in a consistent way. It does not lose concentration due to heavy work. It does not become tired or bored. The computer performs all jobs with equal attention.
Most computers today have the capability of communicating with other computers. We can connect two or more computers by a communication device such as modem. These computers can share data, instructions, and information. The connected computers are called network. We can communicate with other people in the world using network like the Internet.
A computer can perform different types of lask. We can use a computer in a hospital, bank or at home. We can use it for calculating our budget or can play games. A variety of facilities are available through computers.
10. No Feelings
Computer has no feelings. It cannot accept feelings as an input. This is actually a disadvantage because the computer cannot work according to the mood of the riser. It cannot be affected by sorrows and happiness like human beings.
11. No Intelligence
The computer itself is not intelligent. It only follows the given instructions. It uses the intelligence of human beings not its own. lf a computer is given a program for addition it cannot perform subtraction by itself.
12. Cost Reductions
We can perform a difficult task in less time and less cost. For example, we may have to hire many people to handle an office. The same work can be performed by a single person with the help of a computer. It reduces cost.