The need to communicate with our fellow beings is as fundamental as the physical requirements of food and shelter This urge for communication is a primal one in our contemporary civilization, a necessity for survival.
Communication not only maintains and animates lite but it is also the motor and expression of social activity and civilization. it leads people and peoples from instinct to inspiration, through multicolored processes and systems of inquiry, command and controls it creates a common pool of ideas. strengthens the feelings of togetherness through an exchange of messages and translates thoughts into actions, reflecting every emotion and need from the humblest takes of human survival to supreme manifestation of creativity.
In the early stages of civilization, as mentioned in the delivery of news from one place to another place was rather slow and depended entirely on the speed with which the messenger could run or ride. In the fifteen-century human ingenuity created a major breakthrough in the technology, the invention of moveable type People could now produce and send a message much faster. Two important developments followed the invention of moveable type First, the use of the papermaking machine in the 18h century and Second, the application of steam power to the printing press.
Three other 19th century inventions further aided the ability to communicate. First, the development of major transportation systems in the world and Second, just as railroads began to prosper, the telegraph arrived. The third major development of the century, the device that enabled people to send voices over the wires. Just as the 20th century dawned, a system was perfected by which electromagnetic impulses could be sent through the air without wires, carrying voice transmission over long distance This new invention was to become known as the radio. People also discovered ways of capturing movement as well as sound on film to produce the motion picture and the electronic system called videotape. After that scientist, created a new medium called Television In this chapter we will discuss communication, types of communication essentials futures of communication and process of communication.
The word communication has been derived from the Latin word “COMMUNIS” which means commonness To Communicate one’s ideas and thinking to others is known as communication.
Weaver (1949) explains communication as
[Communication is all of the procedures by which one mind affect another
In 1951, Miller describes,
Communication means that information is passed from one place to another.
According to Berelson & Steiner (1964),
The transmission of information, ideas, emotions, skills, etc., by the use of symbol —Words, pictures, figures, graphs, etc. It is the act or process of transmission that is usually called communication.
Communication in its simplest form consists of the transmission of information, ideas, feelings and attitudes from one person to another and the purpose of communication in every case is to bring about a certain desired effect on the others.