In the south of India is the land of Mysore. It was the Muslim Kingdom, the ruler of that Kingdom was Fateh Ali. Tipu, the son of Sultan Haider Ali, was a brave and courageous man. When the Muslim power in the subcontinent was declining and the encroachments of the British were increasing, it was he who made a determined effort to secure freedom for the land of his birth. He was a loyal and firm Muslim. He took a keen interest in the administration of his country.
From far off Europe, there had come English and French traders, they had set up business in many parts of the subcontinent. Both of them worked their way up and become so daring that each of them planned to become masters of Hindustan. Sultan Haider Ali was always fighting these outsiders. Tipu Sultan, like his brave father did the same.
In order to fight against the English, he raised an army and tried to make an alliance with other rulers. The English regarded him their greatest enemy, they decided to break his power.
Not far from Mysore were two other states they were those of Nizam of Hyderabad and the Marhattas. Both of them were jealous of the rising power of Tipu Sultan and they wished him ill.
Tipu Sultan sent his ambassadors to Turkey and Germany to get the support of their governments against the English. He also sought help from the ruler of Afghanistan. But none of these countries came to help him. Nizam of Hyderabad and Marhattas joined hands with English against him.
Tipu Sultan started preparation to fight against the English all alone. The English made a conspiracy with the help of Sultan Pornia. The Hindu Minister, Sultan Pornia bribed some of the courtiers and with the help of his enemies, English attacked the Kingdom of Mysore. But Tipu Sultan was not a coward, this ‘Lion of Mysore’ stood on his ground like a rock, with his small number of soldiers. In spite of unfavorable circumstances, Tipu Sultan bravely fought against his enemies and sacrificed his life on the battlefield. He used to say that
“to live one day like a lion is better than to live a hundred years like a jackal.”Tipu Sultan
On seeing the dead body of Tipu Sultan, the English General Harris cried out “Now the subcontinent is ours.”
Tipu Sultan was not only a great soldier but also a great ruler. He wanted all India to belong to the Indians. If he did not have so many enemies within his own country to aid the outsiders, we might have had a different history of this subcontinent. To make our dear country great and strong, it is most necessary that we should know our enemies and keep them at bay. There is much we can learn from the life story of Tipu Sultan. “United we stand and divided we fall.”