Education System in Pakistan Essay – 500 Words
There is always a system of learning and doing things. Without a system or scientific approach, one may lead to nowhere, no success. Much has been talked about our educational system. A good education system must suit the genius of the people. It must be geared to the social, economic and spiritual needs of the people and the country. Above all, it must be adaptable to the changing needs of the country. In other words, a good educational system is always dynamic. It must try to strike a balance between the material (knowledge) and the moral (character building).
If we analyze the prevailing system, we find it short of all these requirements and quality. It does not suit the genius of our people. It is un-Islamic and has made people more materialistic. It has resulted in a stunted soul in a gigantic body.
It does not suit the needs of the people and the country, It is a legacy of British days-a sign of mental servitude. Moreover, for the majority of the students it is purposeless, sheer waste of time and energy. The present examination system has completely failed to assess the real knowledge or attainments of the examinees. Students generally mug up the matter without understanding or grasping the subjects.
Imparting correct and purposeful education is Govt. responsibility. There is no proper control on the management and administration of the educational institutions both government and private. The Government institutions are ill furnished and ill-equipped.
There is no accountability at any stage. The private institutions are running on commercial lines. They charge high fees and fleece the parents. There are no checks, no punishment for defying the rules. Money does everything.
The teacher community is always grumbling in spite of better pay-scales. Dissatisfied teachers can never produce good results. The student community is irresponsible and undisciplined. Absenteeism is a common practice. Students generally neglect the textbooks. They depend on ready-made notes and keys. Ultimately they resort to unfair means and foul practices. The present Syllabi are outmoded. Boys and girls are taught the same subjects without consideration of their mental aptitudes and psychological needs.
All these things need radical changes and reforms. I would, therefore, suggest
- The Govt. should tighten the control on the management and administration sides. There should be regular checks and inspections. Strict punitive measures are to be taken against the defaulters.
- Accountability should be introduced at all stages.
- Urdu should be made medium instructions at lower and secondary stages so that students may have real understanding and insight in their subjects.
- Private institutions must be made to obey rules and regulations or their registrations are to be canceled.
- At K.G. and Primary levels, courses should be curtailed according to the mental age of the children.
- The students should be admitted according to their aptitude, so as to make the education purposeful. Students not putting up 75% attendance should be held-up.
- New syllabi are to be introduced according to the psychological needs of the boys and girls. The nation needs more scientists and technicians. Specialized institutions should be opened with the stress on research in the various fields.
- Teachers should be made responsible and accountable for their work and performance.
- New and cheap text books are to be printed. Printing of notes and keys should be made a punishable offence. It will also make the exams effective and purposeful.
- The examination system is to be made fool-proof Systems of weekly and monthly examinations will make the students more serious and submissive.
- Moral lessons and religious teaching should supplement the teaching of all science, art and commerce disciplines.
- All decisions and rules are to be strictly implemented and adhered to in practice instead of being on papers only.
Education System in Pakistan Essay – 800 Words
The education system of Pakistan falls into five levels. These are:
- Primary level
- Middle level
- Secondary level
- Intermediate level
- University level
If we talk about schools, colleges and universities, they also fall in three categories. These are:
- Government schools
- Private schools
Talking about the government institutions first, they are in poor condition due to lack of attention and shortage of funds. Teachers are not given an adequate salary. Private schools, on the other hand are doing a much better job. There are a number of school systems which are well recognized in Pakistan like THE CITY SCHOOL, BEACON HOUSE SCHOOL SYSTEM, and ALLIED SCHOOL etc. They are paying their teachers well and are giving them necessary training for teaching. The only drawback of these private schools is that their fees are not affordable by everyone. Madaris are the third type of educational systems working in Pakistan. They are providing Islamic education to bulk of students. After 9/11 the reputation of these institutions is badly harmed and now they are not taken as a reliable source for providing religious education.
The numbers of educational system that are currently working in Pakistan are producing no synergy but are creating conflicts and division among people. We have English medium schools, Urdu medium schools and madaras. A student coming out of an English medium school is unaware of Islamic teachings and a student coming out of Urdu medium school gets least chance of acquiring good job. Madaras students are group of youngsters that know very little about the outside world. Here, the need is to form a single system that can fulfill all the current demands of modern education. This hierarchy of schooling systems must be abolished soon and an educational emergency must be declared within the country and the government must involve the whole nation to prevail this war against illiteracy.
There is a greater need to improve and update the curriculum and pedagogy. Still today, our children are learning those books which have same syllabus that our grandparents used to learn. Along with outdated syllabus, the teaching method is also obsolete. In order to beat the world in the field of education, we must first improve and update our curriculum and teaching methods. Here the question arises that should we start teaching western syllabus to our students? The answer is that we must localize the western syllabus first then make it available for our students. Moreover, attention must be given on mathematics and Language as these two subjects are the foundation on which attainment of other skills depends. English and Computer studies must be made compulsory from primary level. Special documentaries and activities must be designed and educational trips should be arranged for the education of the students. The multiplicity of systems must be eradicated soon. There is no need of a separate system of providing religious education instead religious education must be included in mainstream education.
Arabic language must be started at primary level as it will help the student in future if he is planning to become a civil servant or to enter in the profession of Army or Judiciary. Along with above mentioned suggestions, a big amount of fund must be allocated for education and the government makes sure that these funds are not misused. The government should keep an eye on all the Ghost schools and teachers that are only present in documents but physically they are not found anywhere on land. These ghost schools and teachers are consuming funds and donations which originally are the right of many other registered schools. Last but not the least; education should be made compulsory and free of cost especially for girls as they are the one who holds the future of our country.
Education is the tool that can surely bring positive change in any society. It is the only mean to develop oneself physically, socially and mentally as well. If this tool will not function properly then the whole nation will collapse. So the need of time is that everyone must get united to make our education system one of the best in the world and to compose our young generation in such a way that they can compete with any nation in the field of education.