A good citizen needs to imbibe many qualities. That he has some duties and responsibilities to bear is true, but at the same time he also enjoys some rights and privileges as a citizen of a free State. While he has every right to participate in the judicial, legal, political religious and social affairs of the nation, he has also some responsibilities. i.e. not to injure the sentiments of others and to protect the weak against the strong. To stand by State, under all the conditions, is his first and foremost duty.
A good citizen must be ready to sacrifice his everything for the sake of his motherland. He is also required to be a patriot and nationalist. He should have firm and deep faith in the welfare of his motherland. He has to observe law and order. But he has also to keep in his heart, the betterment of the country, the welfare of the State, the good of society and the interest of the nation and possesses good moral conduct.
A good citizen must respect the cultural heritage of his country, i.e., he will have to respect the heroes, the prophets, the sages and saints of his country. He must respect the race which has given him birth. He must always keep in mind the future of his country. He must raise the standard of living of his country by working honestly.
Obedience to laws is the next important public duty of a citizen. Society can make no progress if people have no respect for laws. If a citizen finds that a particular law is bad, he should try to get it replaced by constitutional means. He should not unnecessarily resist a law.
Another important duty of a citizen is to pay all taxes levied by the State. The State provides him with the conditions necessary for his life, progress and happiness. It must have at its disposal enormous funds to organize the whole machinery of government and public administration and to perform welfare functions. It is for this reason that citizens are called upon to pay taxes, and duties etc. In a democracy, taxes are determined by the representatives of the people, and it is the duty of every citizen to pay the taxes.
Also at the time of aggression or foreign attacks, he must be ready to shed his blood for the sake of his motherland. Thus, defence of the country is the supreme duty of a good citizen. He must leave no stone unturned for the prosperity and integrity of his motherland.