The radio and television play a very important role in a nation’s life as they affect the ideas and behavior of all sorts of people. The number of people listening to the radio and watching television programmes is increasing (becoming more) fast.
The radio and television present various kinds of programmes. Firstly, they present programmes of entertainment. We can enjoy listening to different forms of music and songs on the radio just as we can enjoy tales (stories) of wonder and reports of adventures in the mountains and unknown lands. We can listen to interesting dramas. We can view musical programmes on television just as we can watch films or dramas. Thus, the radio and television make us happy. They make us forget our worries or troubles for some time at least. All categories (classes) of young and old people should be able to enjoy the radio and television programmes of their choice.
Secondly, the radio and television present programmes of information. The most important of these is the radio or television news. We listen to the news with great interest. The radio and television.get the latest news from all corners of the world and convey it within minutes.
Educational programmes of different kinds are presented on the radio and television. These programmes arė very informative. There are lectures and discussions on science and arts subjects. For example, films on scientific inventions and developments in the advanced countries are (telecast presented on TV).
There are special programmes on the radio and television for the working people. For example, there is the agricultural programme in which farmers are taught new and effective methods of farming. Special programmes for villagers are broadcast on the radio. In them they listen to village music and songs, discussions about their problems, time-honoured customs and traditions, changes in their social life, and so on. They listen to news and prices of different commodities (articles of trade). There can be more of such programmes, for example, for labourers working in the factories.
The radio and television present programmes on national affairs. In these programmes, the political activities of the rulers and leaders are described. The policies of the government in different fields of national life like education, science, agriculture and industry are described and discussed. Details of i important national events like general elections are conveyed. The economic, educational, and cultural problems of the people are discussed by leaders, specialists and able people.
The radio and television present useful programmes concerning international affairs. They inform us about the relations between different countries, their disputes and their problems. They present reports and discussions on their political and economic policies.
The radio and television should present programmes of a high standard, not those harmful to the taste or character of the people.