“The United Nations to be a true world organization will have to do justice to all countries equality.”
The United Nations Organization (UN) was formed after the Second World War in 1945. Its main aim is to prevent (stop) war and to settle disputes or quarrels between countries. The second great aim of the UN is to improve the conditions of life. It helps its member countries in the educational, scientific and economic fields. It sends its experts to those countries to help them to solve their educational, scientific and economic problems. When a country is faced with floods, earthquakes or other natural disasters (terrible accidents), the UN sends medicines, food, doctors and other forms of help to it.
The UN has a General Assembly. In it, the representatives of the member countries discuss their problems and disputes. Then there is the Security Council of the Un. It discusses very urgent problems like war. It passes resolutions (takes important decisions). But the big powers, that is, the US, Russia, China, France, and Britain can reject or veto these resolutions if they will. So the Security Council is in the control of the five big powers.
The UN has not been able to establish peace in the world, which was its main aim. There have been wars between India and Pakistan, Israel and the Arabs, India, and the Kashmiris, the Serbs and Bosnians, Russia and the Chechens, and so on. Its failure to stop the US from attacking Iraq in 2003 has blackened its history beyond repair. It has, unluckily, lost the trust of the weaker nations and states.
However, in the Suez Canal crisis in 1956, the UN played a positive role in dealing with it. As a result of the General Assembly Resolution in 1956, the forces of Britain, France and Israel withdrew from Egypt. In 1991, the UN played a positive role in driving Iraq out of Kuwait during their war. It supervised the ceasefire and the removal of weapons of mass destruction from Iraq.
The UN has succeeded in some ways in helping the poor or developing countries in the educational, scientific, medical and other fields. Its special agencies have been active around the world. For example, the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has helped member nations of the UN through books, magazines, and films to make education common. The IMF (International Monetary Fund) provides loans and funds to poorer countries for development.
The ICJ (International Court of Justice) situated at the Hague in the Netherlands (Holland) tries to settle disputes between member countries if the countries agree to have them settled through it. It can be a useful legal forum for the settlement of disputes and problems if its powers and capacity are improved. Until now, like the Security Council, it has not been able to resolve major disputes between countries because of its inability to make fighting parties agree to accept its decisions.
Overall, the UN is a useful organization. At least, countries can discuss their problems under its guidance. They can very effectively attract world attention to trouble spots in international politics. The role of the Secretary-General of the UN in arranging talks and discussions between leaders of countries with serious differences is surely more than positive.