Child Labour Essay – 350 Words
Child labour at the cost of the child’s future is now common in the developing and poor countries. 50 million children are engaged in manual work in these countries.
Firstly, the children in the developing countries from poor families cannot study. Their parents cannot afford their school and study expenditures. The poor families are normally very large, and the bread earner is a single male head. The children, of the ages ranging from eight to fifteen, get employed in car workshops, filling stations, restaurants, bakeries, shops of different kinds, offices of firms and companies, student hostels, private homes, etc.
Secondly, most of the parents of the working children are illiterate and ignorant. They think that school education would only be decorative and impractical. The children are either not sent to school, or they are taken out of it to be assigned to mechanics in workshops or foremen in factories to be trained for a “practical” future.
Thirdly, the successive governments of most of the developing countries have failed to utilize state funds and resources for the uplift, education, and training of the masses (common people).
Fourthly, the advanced countries do not care to spend even some of their resources and knowledge for the betterment of the poor. They provide aid and funds to the rich of these countries for so-called development purposes. The funds are misused or stolen by the leaders and no kind of social reconstruction is possible.
Child labor can be brought to an end when large-scale social and economic reforms take effect in the developing countries. In the first place, education should be made common and the literacy rate should be raised at all costs. Professional schools for workshop training, tractor and car repairing, welding, computer operations and industrial and agricultural activities should be set up.
In the second place, the feudal or “jagirdari” system in the developing countries should be brought to an end. If it happens, the big landowners will not be able to keep the labourers and farmers uneducated and backward. The need for child labor will evaporate (disappear).
In the third place, the uneducated city people should be provided suitable job opportunities and facilities of education for their children.
Child Labour Essay – 300 Words
Today, there are millions of children who work as wage-earners. They are deprived of childhood, love, nutrition and social association. Child labor emerged during the industrial revolution and today it has become a very serious problem, It is a worldwide phenomenon.
Extreme poverty, large families, lack of free and compulsory education and ignorance of parents are the most glaring causes of child labor. Children do not cause labor trouble and they are ready to accept lower wages. But sometimes, children are not paid for their labor and are kept as apprentices. Children from four years of age to fifteen years are made to work in glass factories, carpet industry, fire-cracker factories and they are paid as low as rupees fifty to about hundred for working for more than twelve hours daily. These children are not allowed to have contact with the outside world.
These children have no chance to attend school and have no choice except to work as unskilled labor. These children are compelled to live below the poverty line all their lives. There are many laws against child labour in Pakistan and in other countries but these laws alone cannot control the exploitation of children. We must get the support of all the people of the society to control this menace.
According to the law, no child below the age of fourteen can be employed in any hazardous job. Another law states that children should not be made to work beyond their capacity and they should be given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner. However, all these laws have failed to check the problem of child labor. Stringent laws should be enacted and exemplary punishment should be given to those who exploit children for their selfish ends.