In this article, we will discuss the part played by Aristotle in the fields of biology, physics, and astronomy.
Early Life of Aristotle
Aristotle was born in 384 BC and lived until 322 BC. He was a Greek philosopher and scientist, who shares with Plato being considered the most famous of ancient philosophers. He was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. When he was 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato’s Academy. He stayed for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher.
Aristotle’s personal life
Aristotle & his dialogues
Aristotle, like Plato, used his dialogue in his beginning years at the Academy. Apart from a few fragments in the works of later writers, his dialogues have been wholly lost. Aristotle also wrote some short technical writings, including a dictionary of philosophic terms and a summary of the “doctrines of Pythagoras” (the guy from the Pythagorean Theorem). Of these, only a few short pieces have survived. Still in good shape, though, are Aristotle’s lecture notes for carefully outlined courses treating almost every type of knowledge and art. The writings that made him famous are mostly these, which were collected by other editors.
Diversity in his lecture notes
His Special Interest in Biology
Because of the influence of his father’s medical profession, Aristotle’s philosophy was mainly stressed on biology, the opposite of Plato’s en mathematics. Aristotle regarded the world as made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species) more confusing quotes, yippey!). He said each individual has its built-in specific pattern of development and grows toward proper self-realization as a specimen of its type. Growth, purpose, and direction are thus built into nature.” Although science studies many things, according to Aristotle, these things find their existence in particular individuals. Science and philosophy must therefore balance, not simply choose between the claims of empiricism (observation and sense experience) and formalism (rational deduction).
One of the most famous of Aristotle’s contributions was a new notion of causality. “Each thing or event,” he thought, has more than one reason that helps to explain what, why, and where it is.” Earlier Greek thinkers thought that only one sort of cause can explain itself; Aristotle said four. (The word Aristotle uses, aition, “a responsible, explanatory factors is not the same as the word cause now.)
Aristotle – a Multidimensional Genius & his Works
His Theory of Causality
In each way, Aristotle says that something can be better understood when its causes can be said in specific terms rather than in general terms. So it is more informative to know that a “sculptor” made the statue than to know that an “artist” made it, and even more informative to know that “Polycleitus” chiseled it rather than simply that a “sculptor” did so.
His Research on Astronomy
So Earth’s motion is always in a line and always comes to a halt. The heavens, though, move “naturally and endlessly in a complex circular motion”. The heavens, according to, must be made of a fifth, and different element, which he called “aither.” The strongest element, aither can’t change other than change of place in a circle movement. Aristotle’s theory that linear motion always takes place through a resisting medium is actually true for all planets that we can see motions.
Honestly, to me it seems like Aristotle was crazy. Many of his theories were completely false, and I don’t really understand why he is so famous. If started saying the things he says now, I’d be thrown into a mental hospital.