Essay on Quaid-e-Azam (700 Words)
“Hail, ye heroes! the heaven-born band!”
Who fought and bled for freedom’s cause.
Last year on December 25, my father related me a story which changed my perception and outlook of a hero. Previously, I was much impressed by the towering figures of glamour and sports. However, it is not so now. My father told me how Mr. Jinnah fought to win the cause of a nation. My father motivated me to explore more about Mr. Jinnah. Different libraries were my next destination and I discovered a real hero in history.
Mr. Jinnah’s great struggle spans over forty years. He started as Jinnah and finally developed into the Quaid. His struggle can be perceived in four different but interlinked dimensions i.e. uniting and leading an oppressed nation, negotiating with the British, countering political tricks of Hindus and leading a new-born state. All these aspects need separate discussion for complete understanding.
Firstly, the Muslims of the sub-continent, who had been its previous rulers, became a rudderless boat. They were disunited, aimless and had no leader of high caliber Muhammad Ali Jinnah showed them the right political path. It was his love, sincerity, and truthfulness that he became a great leader of Muslims. There were many factions of Muslims with different political goals. For instance, a group of Muslims believed in Congress and Mr. Gandhi. Nevertheless, the larger factions of his community rallied behind him and · developed into a single political force led and guided by one man Mr. Jinnah.
Secondly, Quaid-e-Azam held talks with the British brilliantly. He held dialogues with the Cabinet Mission, Mr. Stafford Cripps, Lord Wavell, Lord Mountbatten on different occasions to discuss the political future of India. However, he made it clear to all of them that they could not trap him. He knew their evil designs and replied on the table of talks very brilliantly. He had a clear vision and great communication skill to deliver his viewpoint. Although the British diplomats were very skilled, Mr. Jinnah proved his stance and won the case for Pakistan.
Thirdly, Mr. Jinnah countered the political tricks of Hindus, especially Mr. Gandhi. The Congress tried its best to keep India united and the Muslims under their rule. Our hero knew the Hindu guiles in the Khilafat Campaign, the Nehru Report, and their talks with the Muslims. He knew that Gandhi did not have any sympathy with the Khilafat but he had his own axe to grind. Therefore, Jinnah remained aloof from it and the time proved his decision right. He scored a tactical victory over Mr. Gandhi during Gandhi-Jinnah Talks when he established himself as the sole leader of the Muslim community. His final phase of struggle began in 1940 when he demanded for a separate homeland.
Finally, the survival of Pakistan was a greater challenge than its formation. Our national hero proved equal to the task there also. Pakistan had no army to defend her or establishment to run the government. There was a big question mark on the survival of the country. However, he did not get panic. He gave the political and constitutional guidelines for Pakistan. He started developing various institutions of the state. In his address to the nation, the Quaid always encouraged the people. He said that Pakistan had come into existence to remain forever. He worked untiringly to fulfill his duties. His iron will be contained in a feeble and diseased body. He did not care for his illness and died after a prolonged illness. On 11 September 1948, he breathed his last.
To conclude, heroes never die because their powerful remembrance remains alive in our hearts. They become stronger after their death. Mr. Jinnah is also one such hero in history whose struggle was for a nation. His objective was clear and his strategy perfect. His battlefield was politics and his weapon was law. He fought against the British, the Hindus and his ill health. He was not overpowered by anyone. Since he is a hero, he did not lose on any front.
Essay on Quaid-e-Azam (500 Words)
Quaid – e – Azam is our national hero, He made a very hard struggle for the Muslims of India for a separate homeland. He was born in the year 1876 at Karachi. It was the 25th of December, Christmas day. He was the son of a merchant of Karachi. But he had a thirst for knowledge. Devotedly He studied and at the age of seventeen, he went to England to study Law there. In due course of time, he became a Barrister-at-Law. He returned home and started his career as a lawyer. In the legal, he soon decided to practice in Bombay High Court profession.
In those days, the British were the rulers of India. The Indians had started a struggle for their freedom. In the beginning, Quaid-e-Azam joined the All-India National Congress and was in the forefront of the struggle for freedom. He was a man with clear nationalistic attitude in him. He found out that the Hindus were narrow-minded and hated the Muslims from the core of their heart. Then, he discovered that the Hindus and the Muslims were different in every respect. Soon, he was disappointed due to the communal attitude of the Hindu leaders. At first, he stood for communal harmony. He had a high hope for Hindu-Muslim unity. But he realized that the Hindus were not willing to give to the Muslims their due share in political power. When he wanted certain safeguards for the Muslims, he was bitterly criticized by the Hindus.
The hypocrisy of the Hindus discouraged him. He then joined the All-India Muslim League. Allama Iqbal put forward the idea of a separate homeland for the Muslims. Mr. Jinnah liked the idea and managed to table a resolution in the All-India Muslim League meeting at Lahore in 1940. This resolution is known as Pakistan Resolution because in this resolution, a demand of a separate country for the Muslims of India, was made. The Hindus opposed this idea, but Quaid-e-Azam stuck to his guns. He had faith in the constitutional fight. He made long and extensive tours to explain the meaning of Pakistan to his followers. Unfortunately, some of the Muslim leaders opposed Quaid-e-Azam in his freedom movement. For attaining his purpose, he traveled widely, fought ceaselessly and at long last was able to force Britain to divide India. Pakistan came into being on the 14th August 1947.
Mr. Jinnah gave nationhood to the new sovereign state consisting of all the people and all the communities. On broad principles of tolerance, fairness, and justice, the new State started functioning. Unfortunately, he did not live long. He died in September 1948. He was the maker of Pakistan, the Father of the Nation. He saved Pakistan, during the most crucial crisis of its birth.
Mr. Jinnah was a practical statesman. He won the hearts of his people through his sincerity and diligence. Quaid-e-Azam got the obedience and love of his followers. He was a bewitching which was an advantage he had over his great rivals in India. It was his matchless quality. He worked day and night in old age and did not care for his health. History would always remember his personality because he himself made history. He will always remain alive as a sincere, beloved and unique leader in history.
Essay on Quaid-e-Azam (450 Words)
- Early life
- His struggle and achievement
- Personal traits
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was one of the great leader of the world. He was the founder of Pakistan. He was born in Karachi on 25th of December, 1876. His father was a big merchant of Karachi.
He got his early education in a local school. Then he entered a missionary school in passed the entrance examination. He went to England and got admission into the Lincoln’s Inn. After four years, he obtained the degree of Bar-at-law. He started practice as a lawyer in Karachi. Then he tried his luck in Bombay. But in the beginning, his practice as a lawyer was not rewarding. But after some time, he was recognized as a distinguished lawyer. He married Ratan Bai, the daughter of Sir Dinshaw Petit, in 1915.
Quaid-e-Azam struggled hard to get a separate homeland for the Muslims of the subcontinent. In the beginning, he was the member of Indian National Congress. He worked Hindu-Muslims unity. Later on, he joined the Muslims League and devoted his life for the creation of Pakistan. Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940. On 14th august, 1947 Pakistan appeared on the map of the world. It was a great success for him but he showed no sign of arrogance rather he was humble.
Quaid-e-Azam was physically weak and thin but he hate a strong will power and devotion to struggle for his ambition. His health was not good but he didn’t care much and worked day and night to materialize his dream. He face a large number of problems and hardships but he remind resolute and firm in his belief. He was a courageous person. He was brave and fearless as well. He had a great judgement and always had his own opinion. He had to travel incessantly to awaken the Muslims. He had to work late at night. He always decided rationally. His standing point had been convincing and justifiable.
Quaid-e-Azam was sincere to his mission and to his nation. He pursued his way honestly. He served the nation selflessly. He was a fearless and shrewd politician. He believed in the policy of “work, work and work”. Whatever he said, he meant it.
Quaid-e-Azam was a good orator. He make his audience spellbound with his impressive speech. He was a disciplined person.
Quaid-e-Azam became the first Governor General of Pakistan but he was not satisfied with the future of this land. He always addressed and advised the students and the nation to work honestly for the progress of the country. He wanted to seek Pakistan free of injustice, repression and poverty. He also knew that we are to go still a long way to reach this goal. He spend whole of his life for the achievement of an independent country. Now its our duty to continue that struggle which Quaid-e-Azam started, for the uplift of the nation and its people.