Social Evils Essay (500 Words)
Today corruption is almost a world phenomenon. It is in fact, a universal problem having existed in all ages. It has clung to mankind like an incurable disease. In view of its general prevalence scholars have devoted a good deal of thought and attention, in a desire to get rid by any means. In a free and competitive society, investment of capital can yield only reasonable returns in the long run. But corruption or acceptance of bribes promises a rapid change in financial conditions. Originally the Police and income tax were notorious for corruption but now the evil has spread to almost every Department of Government. Even courts of justice and education are no exceptions
Prevalence of corruption has created disappointment and discontent in the community. The machinery of government gets rusted work in an intended manner. Corruption decreases and ceases to respect for law and sense of allegiance to the government. In a society governed by, corrupt officials and the whole system of moral, ethical is impaired. The distinction between right and wrong religious values disappears. Revolutions and military takeovers become common. Every student of history knows that one of the main causes of the downfall of nations has been corruption. In his famous book
“The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire”
Gibbon has stated that as long as there were even two percent honest men, in the Roman administration, the Empire lingered on.
The factors that contribute to the prevalence of corruption differ from country to country. Those that are common to most countries including Pakistan are of the country is poor and every seven . First general economic condition one tries to feather his nest. Second, the rates of payment of public officials are low, to accept bribes. Third, the general price level and they are tempted the standard of living are very high: honest means of a person fail him. Fourth, social, demand high expenditure of money.
Fifth conditions and customs there exist no strong opinion against corruption, it has been accepted as a common and discretions thing Sixth laws confer on the public servants, vast powers of that they take undue advantage. Lastly, there are no adequate means to prevent corruption or bring the offenders to book.
To root out corruption, a complete change of the political, social and economic system is necessary. No revisions of pay scales, however liberal, can reduce corruption. The reason is that the wealth targets aimed at by corrupt officials are very high. Similarly, a mere change in Government has to rely on permanent services for its day to day administration. Unless the motive or inducement for corruption is removed, corruption will continue. Four steps, however, may power should be taken away be of some use. First, wide discretionary from individual officials. Second, the Anti-corruption Department should be made more effective. Third, the minds of the people should be changed by the prevalence of moral values. Last, the punishment for corruption should be more exemplary.
Social Evils Essay (400 Words)
It is very unfortunate that social evils in our country have developed into institutions. Now we find a great many social evils surrounding us like diseased trees that no one dares to cut down.
Firstly, bribery and corruption are found in quick growth and speedy development in important government departments, offices, law courts, police stations, and all those places where public problems are supposed to be solved. Bribery, favoritism, and nepotism (favor shown to relations.) are common like cheating and fraud. These have put a stop to true progress, equality, development, and hope for a better future.
Secondly, hoarding and black-marketing are the twin evils that cause an abnormal rise in prices and suffering of the people. In order to become rich quickly, big traders hoard huge quantities of articles or commodities of daily use like grains, onions and potatoes and other necessities of life like medicines in short supply to sell them later at higher prices.
Thirdly, smuggling is a serious social evil that is extremely harmful to the country’s economy. When foreign goods are smuggled into the country on a large scale, the local industry, business, and agriculture suffered. Other countries usually dump their goods or sell them at lower prices to capture foreign markets. The local producers cannot sell their goods easily, and they either reduce their production or close up. their businesses. The government of the country cannot collect taxes and duties on the smuggled goods. It cannot have control over the standards of the smuggled goods and inferior goods harmful to the people.
Fourthly, adulteration is a serious social evil as well as a crime as food items like milk, honey, spices, pulses, rice, wheat, and many other food items are mixed with cheap and harmful commodities. In fact, adulterators play with the life and health of the people. They make food impure and injurious to health like the many kinds of soft drinks or “sherbets” or ice cream sold by street vendors (sellers).
Fifthly, injustice is one of the most harmful social evils that wrong all society. If an officer in a department, a judge in a court of law, a manager in a factory, or any person in authority is unjust, he corrupts the very fabric of society. He misuses his authority and makes injustice prevail. The people and society should judge him honestly, and if he does injustice, they should force the government to try him in a court of law and then dismiss and punish him.
It is very sad that a number of deadly social evils still grip us after more than half a century of independent existence. Only through effective moral and social education of the people and the establishment of a true political, economic and social system can we bring social evils to an end.