War is a great evil. Some say it is a necessary evil in the present state of mankind, but it should be restricted as much as possible only to very unavoidable cases. It is very bad to wage war for selfish ends and trifling objects, such as to satisfy the greed for plunder, or the ambition of a conqueror, or the lust of more territory or personal animosity.
War brings dire consequences. Bloodshed is not the only. evil. Hundreds are rendered orphans and widows, trade is stopped, the industry is paralyzed, diseases break out, famine occurs, degradation and misery prevail everywhere, and people become more brutish and revengeful. Of course, war brings out the heroism and the patriotism of a nation, also, but the cost is very heavy. There are numerous other ways in which a nation can develop and display these qualities, which are better and more useful. The achievements of war are short-lived, and the glory and honor of conquerors soon pass away. The empire of Alexander is gone, the conquests of Timur are no more, and Nadir Shah has only left behind him a name to be execrated.
Man can do a lot of good in times of peace, and the victories of peace are better, more beneficial, and more lasting. Peace hath its victories no less renowned than war.’ Trade prospers, and the people are happy. The scientist, the doctor, the educations, and the inventor can carry on their noble work for the good of mankind.
New methods of removing disease and sickness are discovered, new roads and bridges, and other works of public utility are constructed. Education is encouraged. Religious and social reforms are possible only in peaceful times. A successful administrator, who increases human happiness and makes progress easy, is much better than a great general who kills people for a very temporary gain, or for glory which is more imaginary than real.