“The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking.” Albert Einstein, “The Evolution of Physics
[dropcap]T[/dropcap]he phenomenal advancement of science and its wider implications in all walks of mans life have brought human civilization to amazing heights. The awful miseries and ignorance of the hellish past have been virtually eliminated by the miraculous inventions and discoveries. Science has opened and enlarged new frontiers of human knowledge, information, achievements and comforts. So nothing better has taken place in the history of man than the advent of science in this life. But some people still believe that science has done more harm than good and it is thus a menace to civilization.
Men love to wonder and that is the seed of science. Emerson – society and Solitude
This passage from ignorance to knowledge, from darkness to light, from superstition to scientific temper has been a long struggle, full of strife, labour, sweat and challenges. If our ancestors were to visit our todays world, they would not be able to recognize it due to the marvels of science.
In days before science, people were condemned to live totally different lives. They were at the mercy of the elements of nature. Earth, air, fire water were worshipped as gods because they ruled mans life, most powerfully. He was utterly helpless whenever floods came or tempests set in. Briefly, man was absolutely powerless to govern nature. Science has admirably helped to bring him mastery over land, sea and air. Even the vast expanse of space and extreme depths of the seas are no more mysteries for human beings. Easy and suick sources of communication have shortened time and space to an unbelievale extent, and the world today is a much closer unit than ever in the past.
“Science is always simple and profound. It is only the half truths that are dangerous.” George Bernard shaw – The Doctors Dilemma
In the fields of medicine and surgery, science does claim splendid triumphs. The discovery of penicillin and the method of vaccination are wondrous deeds of medical science. Even the most difficult surgical operation are performed with a lot of ease and safety. So, science has become our most faithful medical attendant. It has cured human beings of many painful diseases. It has given us supreme power to keep epidemics in check.
People are no longer ravaged by the deadly epidemics like smallpox, cholera and plague. Countless new life-saving drugs have been discovered to relieve humanity. There is hardly any disease today, which can be called incurable. Typhoid, pneumonia and other infectious diseases are being treated with the new antibiotic medicines, which were not known to the world a few years ago.
“Happy is he who has been able to learn the causes of things.” Virgil – Georgics
Another great job that this great servant does for us is to educate. Science has built great printing presses, which produce a large number of books at cheap rates to expel ignorance from mankind. The discovery of electricity has worked wonders in all walks of human life. News is brought to us from every corner of the world through the newspaper, radio, television or Internet. Computer is also a supreme wonder of science as it has opened up endless vista for mankind. Even children are finding computers better than toys. Today, computer is being used in educational institutions banks, factories, offices, shops and homes. It has made life. so different and so much easier.
Science has brought about a great transformation regarding the relations among various countries. Science has linked them with one another through trade and commerce. Goods manufactured in one country are sold in another thousand of miles away. Man has come closer to man. It is now possible to talk about all men on this planet as neighbors.
The means of communications have also made dramatic progress due to science. The telephone, the wireless, the telegraph, the postal system, the fax machine and the Internet have made it fairly easy and quick to communicate with friends, relatives and colleagues living or working abroad.
Nature and natures laws lay hid in night: God said, Let Newton be and all was light. Alexander Pope – Epitaph Written for Newton
Most believably, this century is regarded as an age of machines. They remain all around modern men and help them in hundred of different ways. There is hardly any field or area devoid of their presence. Whether it is education or health, industry or transport, entertainment or communication, war or agriculture, fashions or domestic comforts, all is marked with machines, which are working day and night to serve humanity in a great manner.
“Science says he first word on everything, is and the last word on nothing.” Victor Hugo – Things of the Infinite
The scientific instruments and devices are there to clean the rooms and even to knead the flour. So, science has proved a real boon for the poor housewife. Now, she is no more needed to remain always busy in the kitchen. She has got time to enjoy her leisure, study newspapers and magazines and attend children in much better way.
There are some of the mental and psychological advantages we have got from science and its application to life. It has virtually got our minds free from the bondage of superstitions and ignorance. Admittedly, knowledge gives power while ignorance causes weakness. The habits of reasoning, inquiring and questioning are the laudable gifts of science. We do this when we control our passions, prejudices and sentiments. So, the world of science is literally a world of order, efficiency and reason that increases our power over nature and helps us to raise our standard of life.
Science is the knowledge se of consequences and the dependence of one fact upon another. Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan
Despite all the inventions and discoveries, science could never prove itself to be an unmixed blessing for the human race. Science has, no doubt, made mans life more comfortable, healthy and bright, but it has also brought about certain complications and problems.
Firstly, man is exposed to new temptations and thrown into confusion due to amazing and unexpected discoveries and inventions of science. He is not in the position to determine the goal of his life with grim finality. Secondly, modern technology has virtually impaired craftsmanship and thousands of skilled persons are condemned to work in the factories and mills as ordinary laborers. Thirdly, science develops our heads and brains, but weaken our hearts and souls. Such things as kindness, love, devotion, worship and spiritual prospects do not flourish anymore. Fourthly, science has made modern mans outlook grossly materialistic.
Science without religion is lame; religion without science is blind. Albert Einstein
So we can sum up with the words that science is only a tool. The harm or good it does depends on how men use it. Science has got the potential to turn our earth into a paradise but it must not get divorced completely form the realm of morality and ethics. So, we must develop our moral, social and political sciences along with our physical and biological science. We should maintain our interest in the finer things of life such as art, literature and philosophy. We should not be entirely dependent on science, for science can only add years to our lives, but it is up to us to add life to these years.
“What is now proved was once only imagined.” William Blake, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell