Short Essay on Nuclear Energy Boon or Bane

[dropcap]W[/dropcap]e have come a long way since the Stone Age. Gone are the days when the man was a helpless creature. Today he virtually rules the world. In the new millennium, he is dreaming of dwelling on the moon and visiting other planets. All this progress towards modern civilization is the outcome of man’s ability to find new sources of power. So far man has used steam, oil, electricity and coal as the big sources of energy. But the population explosion has outrun the supply of coal and oil. The demand for electrical power has always been more than the actual production of the same. In such a complicated situation nuclear energy has arrived in order to solve our energy riddles.

“Power is the first good.” Samuel Johson

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“Life is a search after power.” Ralph Waldo, Power

For Pakistan, nuclear energy would certainly be a blessing because we are a nation that has remained energy starved since its independence. Atomic energy can do all the jobs that are now being done by steam, oil, wood etc. the sources of atomic energy are huge and unlimited. It is produced by splitting the atom of uranium or hydrogen. If our scientists invent comparatively easier ways of splitting the atom of metals, the problem of power will be resolved forever.

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Nuclear energy has considerable advantages over the other sources of energy. Firstly, it is simply inexhaustible. It will keep on serving humanity even when coal, oil and wood will be no more available. Secondly, nuclear energy is much more concentrated. It is obviously far more powerful and effective than any other type of energy. It certainly requires great labour but it surely produces much more power. Thirdly, nuclear power is much cleaner than the other sources of energy. It can do a lot of good to decrease the environmental pollution.

“Should we allow environmental
deterioration to continue, mans fate may
be worse than extinction.” Ron S. Boster

Most Powerful Nuclear Countries in the World

. “Peace hath her victories, No less renowned than war.” John Milton

Many countries of the globe are making attempts to create and use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. The Soviet Union is the country which set up the first atomic energy plant for peaceful uses. This plant is producing fifty thousand megawatts of electric power every day. In the same way, America, England, France, Germany, China, Australia and many other countries are successful in using nuclear energy to meet the huge energy requirements of their masses. Nowadays, Iran and North Korea are also making efforts to set up nuclear energy plants for peaceful purposes.

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Fossil fuels would not stay with us for a long period of time if we continue to exploit them at such a fast speed. Wood is not an ideal fuel and hydroelectric power can only meet the demands of base loads only. Hence, nuclear energy will have to be generated in order to meet the demands of the household, industry and the national populace”. We intend to utilize nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. But our neighbour India is hell-bent on making it a bane for us. Both Pakistan and India should keep in mind that if one of them uses the nuclear option during the war, the other will also have to face the threat of extinction. So nuclear war cannot be afforded by any nation. Nuclear energy can be a great boon provided all the political and geographical disputes between India and Pakistan are settled once for all.

“Peace cannot be kept by force. It can only be achieved by understanding.” Albert Einstein, Notes on Pacifism

Nuclear energy would certainly rule the roost during the present millennium. The conventional sources are depleting at a very fast rate. The long-term dependence upon them would be an irrational proposition. Pakistan wants to utilize her nuclear resources for the benefit and welfare of her masses. Nuclear energy would not only help us generate electric energy but also it would be useful in nuclear research, medicine, scientific research and space exploration activities.

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Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God. Bible, Matthew 5:9

The existing stock of nuclear weapon can also be used for generating nuclear power and this power can be used for peaceful and constructive applications at any point of time. As already stated, the concept, of nuclear energy as a boon or a bane can be given decisive shape only by the leaders of the two nations, India and Pakistan. It is up to these leaders to decide whether they want their nations to grow through the next millennium or not. And above all, the citizens of both these nations will have to play the very important role in the settlement of all the disputes. It is a question of their survival on this blue-green planet.

Science without conscience is but the death of the soul. Montaigne

In other parts of the world, nuclear arms pose a great threat to mankind. The USA, France, Russia and the UK have the most deadly nuclear arms and capabilities. They must destroy their nuclear arms in order to eliminate the extremely dangerous radiation and for the protection of the citizens and the habitat of the mother earth. Although the process of destruction of a nuclear arsenal has already started, yet the threat of accidental blasts is not over. A mention must be made of the accidents that could play havoc with mankind. We have not forgotten the incident of radiation leakage in the Chernobyl plant in Russia.

Such incidents can be repeated if the nuclear scientists do not take adequate measures to ensure the safety of both the plant and the residents of the area. Therefore, nuclear power plants must be designed with the highest safety standards in mind.

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What will be our future if atomic energy is used only for peaceful purposes?

The world would find itself in a new era. This will surely be an era of prosperity, happiness and joy. Nuclear energy gives the man the power to do almost everything. It can demolish mountains and divert the surging rivers. It can transform deserts into fertile lands. It can help us in the treatment of dangerous diseases which are regarded as incurable at present. It can banish poverty from the world. Thus nuclear energy can turn this earth into heaven if it is used for peaceful purposes.

“The whole of science is nothing more
than a refinement of everyday thinking.” Albert Einstein

We are still relatively optimistic that nuclear energy has a bright future as a source of power generation. Pakistan verily supports the usage of nuclear energy for purposes and she has also stated this categorically at various international forums. Our nuclear capabilities have given us the power to negotiate and to survive despite harsh treatment from across the borders. Let the rational minds of the world unite and decide the future of nuclear energy that is so useful for mankind.

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