Our National Hero (Allama Iqbal) – 1300 Words Essay
Chameleons feed on light and air; POETS food is love and fame. Shelley, “An Exhortation.”
[dropcap]T[/dropcap]he objects of great poetry is to make the life of man more joyous and full. It got the immense potential to afford high ideals and noble aspirations to those who are capable of appreciating it. Poetry is not only the criticism of life but also the very truth of life. It is rather the voice of man’s soul and the very essence of his quest for reaching the domain of intellectual bliss. The message of poetry is for all the ages. The voice of Homer was heard not only by the people of ancient Greece, it is heard today also by the lovers of poetry. The reading of poetry can be a source of both pleasure and instruction, rendering the individual supremely conscious of his ultimate goal. This is what Iqbal’s poetry does.
“I am rose from the paradise of Kashmir
My heart comes from sacred Hijaz and
My voice from Shiraz.” Iգbal
Without a doubt, Iqbal was a great poet, philosopher, thinker and politician. Iqbals greatest contribution to Muslim Ummah is that he Islamized the key Western thoughts and exploited them for the regeneration and spiritual reinforcement of Islamic world. The Muslims of the sub-continent owe him a lot for their political awakening.
“I guide all those whore lost and stray; I dwell on earth but range the sky…… See, what a wondrous thing am II” Iqbal
In fact, he was perhaps the sole major influence in sharpening the idea of Muslim distinction on the basis of religion, culture and history. His imposing vision, impressive personality, noble pursuits and affecting poetry were the very qualities which made him the most lovable poet of millions of souls and mine as well. At the time of Iqbal’s birth in 1877, Indian Muslims had fallen on hard times; their fortune had been steadily declining during the previous 100 years, rather the whole Muslim world was crumbling against the onslaught of European imperialism. Iqbal’s family belonged to the Sapru branch of the Kashmiri Brahmins. Iqbal himself took pride in his Brahmin ancestry.
“Look at me, for in India you will never find again, a son of a Brahmin familiar with the mystical knowledge of maulana Rumi and Shams-i-Tabriz.” Iqbal
Iqbal, like other Muslim boys, attended the local Maktab before formally entering the Scotch Mission School at the age of about six, At school, Iqbal focused on classical languages, history, philosophy and politics. He was lucky to have a teacher like Sayyid Mir Hassan who taught him Arabic, Persian and Urdu. He took a keen interest in Iqbal and began to cultivate a taste for poetry in him. Soon Iqbal was a great favourite with his teachers due to his intelligence and worthy accomplishments.
Then Iqbal proceeded to Lahore to continue his undergraduate studies. Lahore had no better institution for liberal studies than the Government College and Iqbal entered the college to complete his Bachelor of Arts degree. In 1897, he graduated with distinction, and in 1899, he received his Master’s degree in philosophy.
“A poet is the priest of the invisible.” Wallace Stevens, Adagia
During this period, the most profound influence further helping to develop Iqbals intellectual horizons was that of Thomas Arnold. On September 7, 1905, he left India for London and stayed in England and Germany for the next three years. His poetic output was very meagre during this period. He got his PhD degree from the University of Munich in November 1907. On his return, he started his legal practice, but his heart was not in it. Most of his time was devoted to poetry, politics and philosophy.
Iqbal began his poetic career as a nationalist poet and stayed above sectarian politics during his early years. His poetry dealt with all aspects of human life. His poetry of love for his native India made him a popular figure throughout India. His emergence as a nationalist poet helped the cause of those who felt low and humiliated under British rule.
“We poet in our youth begin in gladness But, thereof come in the end despondency and madness.” William Wordsworth, “Revolution and Independence.
Iqbal had been composing poetry since his Sialkot days. Under the able supervision and guidance of Syed Mir Hassan, the young poet was sleekly groomed. The carefree early years had helped the young poet develop his mental faculties fully. The young amateur poets traditionally sent their compositions to Nawab Mirza Khan Dagh (1831, 1905) who was then master of Urdu poetry and the resident poet in the court of the Nizam of Hyderabad. Iqbal had been participating in the local poetry sessions in Sialkot. Lahore had become a centre for such gathering and Iqbal found a perfect vehicle of expression through his poetry. Through these poetry sessions, Iqbal became known to thousands of his fellow countrymen as the new emerging nationalist poet. By the time, he obtained his M.A. Degree, he had well established this poetic reputation among literary circles of Lahore.
“Poetry is the record of the best and the happiest moments of the happiest and best minds. Shelley, A Defence of Poetry
From his early days of poetry till his departure for Europe, his poetry was full of love for his native land. His poems like “Taswir-i-dard”, “Taranah-i-Hindi” and poems Hindustani Bachchon Ka Qaume Geet are obvious examples of his love with India. Other themes in Iqbal’s poetry during this period were: nature, moon, stars, rivers, flowers and man, his triumphs, defeats, self-doubts, struggle and social inequality. He loved nature and all his life longed for peace and tranquillity.
His mystical devotion to the art of creation is very prevalent in this early compositions. Iqbal saw in nature the beauty of creation and through it the creator. His mind and heart are always searching and often striving to reach for higher meaning.
“You study creations mysteries
But they lie naked to my eyes;
Yours science, revelation mine,
You see, manifest, the divie,” Iqbal
After his return from Europe, Iqbal fervently propagated the doctrine of Khudi in sister volumes, Asrar-i-Khudi and Rumuz-i-Bekhudi. The theme of Khudi runs throughout Iqbals poetry and he uses it to mean self-reliance, self-respect, self-confidence, self-expression and self-realization. All these attributes strengthen the character and enhance the individuality of man. The concept of Momin also plays a major role in the thinking of Iqbal. This and the concept of Khudi echo Nietzshean influence on Iqbal. Iqbals Momin and Nietzsches superman do have some things in common. But Nietzsches superman is an atheist, whereas Iqbals Momin not only believes in God but also has spiritual and religious powers.
“Mr. Jinnah is the real leader of the Muslims. I am a mere soldier of his.” Iqbal
Iqbal was the father of the ideology of Pakistan. He brought about the idea of a separate land for the Indian Muslims where they should live and lead their lives according to the Islamic doctrines. He was an active participant in the struggle for independence, but could not live to see his dream come true.
“Life is latent in seeking,
Its origin is hidden in desire.
Keep desire alive in thy heart,
Lest thy little dust become a tomb. Iզbal
Allama Iqbal Wallpapers
Our National Hero (Quaid-e-Azam) – 300 Words Essay
Quaid-e-Azam was born in 1876 at karachi. He passed his matriculation examination from a local school and went to England for higher studies. He studied law in England. He came back to Karachi in 1899. At the time, Bombay was an important city, so he started his legal practice there. As a member of the bar. He worked like a prince in his profession, But his mental energies led him into public life and politics.
The Quaid was a very brilliant parliamentarian. At that time, India was ruled by the British when he saw the uncooperative attitude of Hindus and the British, he united the Muslims of Indo-Pakistan subcontinent on one platform. He defeated both the British and the Hindus and succeeded in obtaining Pakistan for his people.
Quaid-e-Azam was a strict disciplinarian. Discipline means to follow certain principles under certain circumstances. He proved by his character that Islam in the subcontinent is itself a destined. The whole face of Indian politics was changed by his courage, intellect, and character.
As a leader of the Muslims, he showed wonderful understanding. He possessed a magic quality. He was never emotional and sentimental in his approach to various problems. He is the founder of Pakistan that is why we call him “The father of the Nation.” Unity, Faith, and Discipline are the three golden principles which the Quaid-e-Azam gave for practicing in our individual, social and political life. Now, these words of Quaid-e-Azam must be our watchwords if we wish to progress or even survive in the world. Unless there is unity among us nothing can be achieved in the world.
If we have faith in success, then difficult or even impossible becomes easy if we have no discipline we will be like animals. Straight without discipline is useless. So for success in any field of life, it is essential to cultivate three qualities, that is Unity, Faith and Discipline, which Quaid of the nation commanded us.
Our National Hero (Sir Syed Ahmed Khan) – 450 Words Essay
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was born in 1817 AD in a distinguished Muslim family of Delhi. He lost his father, Mir Muttaqi Khan early in life so he had to struggle with various adverse circumstances at an early stage of his life. As his financial position was not sound, he had to join his service as Mir Munshi and in course of time he was raised to the rank of sub-Judge, in leisure hours he used to serve his country and nation through writings.
The political career of Syed Ahmad Khan began after 1859. Muslims were the chief fighters in the war of independence and had, therefore, to bear the entire burden of the revengeful policy of the British whose attitude towards the Muslims was by no means fair. Syed Ahmad was an eyewitness to the events of the great national tragedy and some of the members of his family perished in the struggle. He was greatly shocked at the destruction of the Muslim families of Delhi, Moradabad, and Byjnor. The conditions had become so bad that there was no need of condemning a Muslim, only being a Muslim, his crime was enough.
The Hindus had also, somehow, participated in the war, yet they had lost nothing, moreover the English wanted to counterbalance the power of the Muslims and, therefore, they enhanced the position of the Hindus. Syed Ahmad Khan realized the critical position of the Muslims. He, therefore, declared that Hindus and Muslims were two separate nations, and devoted himself to the cause of the Muslims.
The greatest service Syed Ahmad Khan rendered to the Muslims was in the field of education. He had earlier realized the backwardness of the Muslims in education. He tried to create a change in modern education primarily with this aim, he started the ‘Aligarh Movement’.
In order to impart English education, Syed Ahmad Khan organized a “Society for the Educational Progress of the Indian Muslims” which decided to establish the ‘Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College’ at Aligarh, which soon became ‘Aligarh Muslim University’ and the centre of their activities, within a short period, the Muslim community was able to get over much of its educational backwardness. The ‘Aligarh Muslim University’ served as “a nursery of leaders.”
Some of the leaders of the Aligarh Movement founded the Muslim league in 1906, and it is the Muslim League which has achieved Pakistan. So it can be said that the ‘Aligarh Movement indirectly laid the foundation-stone of Pakistan.
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan breathed his last on the 26th March, 1898 at Aligarh. He was the man who, for nearly half a century, led the Muslims and took them from abyss of disintegration.