Level: F.Sc (Pre-Engg)
Class: 1st Year
Board: Punjab Textbook Board
Chapter 8: Kingdom Fungi
Type: Short Questions
Author: Kiran Mehtab
PDF Size: 2 MB
Name some edible fungi.
About 200 species of mushrooms (e.g., Agaricus sp), morels (e.g., Morchella esculent), truffles (underground fruiting bodies of some Ascomycetes, eg: Tuber sp) are common edible fungi.
What is the function of constricting ring?
Some species of Arthrobotrys trap soil nematodes by forming a constricting ring, their hyphae invading and digesting the unlucky victim.
What is economic importance of fungi?
- Certain fungi are edible e.g., mushrooms (e.g., Agaricus sp), morels (e.g., Morchella esculentb), truffles
- Certain fungi are used in food industry e.g., yeasts (Saccharomyces cerevisiae).
- Some fungi are source of antibiotics and some other drugs e.g., Penicillin is obtained from Penicillium notatum
- Some natural dyes obtained from lichens are used in textile industry.
- Yeasts are heavily used in genetic/molecular biological research because of their rapid generation and rapidly increasing pool of genetic and biochemical information.
- Fungi are responsible for many serious plant and animal diseases.
- Saprobic fungi cause incalculable damage to food, wood, fibre, and leather by decomposing them.