Machines have helped man in a number of ways. These have solved may problems of man. The machine is replacing human labour in three ways. In the first place, the limits of the individual’s physical strength have been transcended. The weight that a machine can lift, or the pressure that it can apply, bears no relations at all to the physical strength, individual or collective, of those to sum up the industrial story of the modern world.
Their there is another use of the machines. Secondly, the machine serves as a substitute for human skill. It carries out automatically and with a constantly improving accuracy, countless jobs which had previously been done by workers whom only long practice could make perfect. The machine does the job’ and the man is out.
Thirdly, modern machinery not only dispenses more and more with the need for physical strength or manual skill, but goes further towards the positive displacement of labour. So the west goes on producing more and more while it has fewer and fewer consumers. To the technician, it seems as if the manual worker is superfluous as an agent of production. One machine can do the work of hundreds of men but not one thousand machines can do the work of an extraordinary man. This is the dilemma of man versus machines. At present the machine seems to have got better of man. Machines can do any job accurately and proper by.
Machines have revolutionized the industry of the world. Mechanization of world industries, will always leave redundancy of labour. The unemployment statistics of various countries record a higher percentage of unemployment among workers. Where new machines are ințroduced the older workers are usually the first to be dispensed with. This is so because younger men are more adaptable to new industrial processes than those who have long been accustomed to a traditional method. So the significance of the machines in essay walk of life.
It is an axiom of economics that the economic activities of mankind have only one object-the promotion of human happiness. No doubt. machines have also disadvantages. With all their faults and undesirable concomitants, the machines have come to stay. No country can become great on the basis of primitive methods of production. Science creates untold wealth through the medium of machines and factories. The richest countries of the world like the U.S.A, Japan, Germany and France owe their phenomenal prosperity only to industrialisation. Machines and only machines can finish poverty, otherwise, we will revert to dark ages when the world had stabilized itself at a level of general poverty due to low production. Machines have also helped us in getting rid of poverty.
Machines help also in to so live the problem of unemployment. Again, though machines render workers surplus in one sector. they also create large-scale new employment in the fabrication of new machines. Thousands of engineers, scientists and technicians are needed to manufacture machines, Thus the machines, while reducing employment opportunities in some sectors, generate much greater employment in the new sectors. This is proved from the example of the high industrialised countries of the west. Those who say that machines have reduced the number of jobs by replacing man, seen to have no logic.
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